In-Work Policies in Europe : Killing Two Birds with One Stone?

1. Person: Bargain, Olivier
Weitere Personen: Orsini, Kristian
Format: Online-Artikel
Sprache: English
Veröffentlicht: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 2004
Serien: IZA Discussion Papers
Schlagworte: Familienleistungsausgleich
Familienbesteuerung
Lohnsubvention
Wirtschaftspolitische Wirkungsanalyse
Einkommensverteilung
Soziale Integration
Simulation
Arbeitsangebot
Armutspolitik
Finnland
Frankreich
Deutschland
Family benefits
Family taxation
Wage subsidy
Income distribution
Social integration
Simulation
Labour supply
Poverty reduction
Finland
France
Germany
Online Zugang: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/20744/1/dp1445.pdf
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Details: Earning an income is probably the best way of avoiding poverty and social exclusion, hence the recent trend of promoting employment through in-work transfers in OECD countries. Yet, the relative consensus on the need for ?making work pay? policies is muddied by a number of concerns relative to the design of the reforms and the treatment of the family dimension. Relying on EUROMOD, a EU-15 integrated tax-benefit microsimulation software, we simulate two types of in-work benefits. The first one is means-tested on family income, in the fashion of the British Working Family Tax Credit, while the second is a purely individualized policy. Both reforms are built on the same cost basis (after behavioral responses) and simulated in three European countries which experience severe poverty traps, namely Finland, France and Germany. The potential labor supply responses to the reforms and the subsequent redistributive impacts are assessed for each country using a structural discrete-choice model. We compare how both reforms achieve poverty reduction and social inclusion (measured as the number of transitions into activity). All three countries present different initial conditions, including institutional environment, existing tax-benefit systems and distribution of incomes and wages. These sources of heterogeneity are exploited together with different labor supply sensitivities to explain the cross-country differences in the impact of the reforms.

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