Presidents and assemblies: constitutional design and electoral dynamics

In recent years renewed attention has been directed to the importance of the role of institutional design in democratic politics. Particular interest has concerned constitutional design and the relative merits of parliamentary versus presidential systems. In this book, the authors systematically ass... Ausführliche Beschreibung

1. Person: Shugart, Matthew Soberg
Weitere Personen: Carey, John M.
Format: Buch
Sprache: English
Veröffentlicht: Cambridge [u.a.] Cambridge Univ. Press 2011
Beschreibung: IX, 316 S. graph. Darst.
Ausgabe: Reprinted, transferred to digital print
Schlagworte (SWD): Präsidiales Regierungssystem
Gesetzgebende Gewalt
Wahlsystem
Schlagworte (SH): Presidents
Legislative bodies
Separation of powers
Elections
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520 |a In recent years renewed attention has been directed to the importance of the role of institutional design in democratic politics. Particular interest has concerned constitutional design and the relative merits of parliamentary versus presidential systems. In this book, the authors systematically assess the strengths and weaknesses of various forms of presidential systems, drawing on recent developments in the theoretical literature about institutional design and electoral rules. They develop a typology of democratic regimes structured around the separation of powers principle, including two hybrid forms, the premier-presidential and president-parliamentary systems, and they evaluate a number of alternative ways of balancing powers between the branches within these basic frameworks. They also demonstrate that electoral rules are critically important in determining how political authority is exercised. 
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992 |a PRESIDENTS AND ASSEMBLIES CONSTITUTIONAL DESIGN AND ELECTORAL DYNAMICS MATTHEW SOBERG SHUGART AND JOHN M. CAREY CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES PAGE VIII ACKNOWLEDGMENTS XI 1 BASIC CHOICES IN DEMOCRATIC REGIME TYPES 1 2 DEFINING REGIMES WITH ELECTED PRESIDENTS 18 3 CRITICISMS OF PRESIDENTIALISM AND RESPONSES 28 4 THE PREMIER-PRESIDENTIAL AND PRESIDENT-PARLIAMENTARY EXPERIENCES 55 5 THE CONSTITUTIONAL ORIGINS OF CHIEF EXECUTIVES 76 6 CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS ON SEPARATE ORIGIN AND SURVIVAL 106 7 LEGISLATIVE POWERS OF PRESIDENTS 131 8 ASSESSING THE POWERS OF THE PRESIDENCY 148 9 ELECTORAL DYNAMICS: EFFICIENCY AND INEFFICIENCY 167 10 ELECTORAL RULES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM 206 11 ELECTORAL CYCLES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM 226 12 ELECTORAL CYCLES AND COMPATIBILITY BETWEEN PRESIDENT AND ASSEMBLY 259 13 CONCLUSIONS 273 APPENDIX A ELECTORAL RULES FOR ONE-SEAT DISTRICTS AND COALITION-BUILDING INCENTIVES 288 APPENDIX B THEORETICAL EXPLANATION FOR MODELS PREDICTING NUMBER OF PARTIES IN PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEMS 293 BIBLIOGRAPHY 301 INDEX 313 

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