Incentives: motivation and the economics of information

This book examines the incentives at work in a wide range of institutions to see how and how well coordination is achieved by informing and motivating individual decision makers. The book examines the performance of agents hired to carry out specific tasks, from taxi drivers to CEOs. It investigates... Ausführliche Beschreibung

1. Person: Campbell, Donald E.
Format: Buch
Sprache: English
Veröffentlicht: Cambridge [u.a.] Cambridge Univ. Press 2006
Beschreibung: XII, 591 S. graph. Darst.
Ausgabe: 2. ed.
Schlagworte (SWD): Asymmetrische Information
Mathematisches Modell
Wirtschaftliches Verhalten
Anreiz
Informationsökonomie
Schlagworte (STW): Informationsökonomik
Neue politische Ökonomie
Spieltheorie
Theorie
Ökonomischer Anreiz
Schlagworte (SH): Social choice > Mathematical models
Social psychology
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300 |a XII, 591 S.  |b graph. Darst. 
520 |a This book examines the incentives at work in a wide range of institutions to see how and how well coordination is achieved by informing and motivating individual decision makers. The book examines the performance of agents hired to carry out specific tasks, from taxi drivers to CEOs. It investigates the performance of institutions, from voting schemes to kidney transplants, to see if they enhance general well being. The book examines a broad range of market transactions, from auctions to labor markets, to the entire economy. The analysis is conducted using specific worked examples, lucid general theory, and illustrations drawn from news stories. Of the seventy different topics and sections, only twelve require a knowledge of calculus. The second edition offers new chapters on auctions, matching and assignment problems, and corporate governance. Boxed examples are used to highlight points of theory and are separated from the main text. 
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699 d |a WIR / Wirtschaftstheorie / Mesoökonomie / Wohlfahrtstheorie / Marktversagen / Ursachen für Marktversagen: asymmetrische Informationen 
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690 |a Market incentive 
690 |a Economic disincentive 
690 |a Economics of information 
690 |a Ökonomische Informationstheorie 
690 |a Informationsökonomie 
690 |a Information economics 
690 |a Economic theory of information 
690 |a Public choice 
690 |a Ökonomische Theorie der Politik 
690 |a Nicht-Markt-Ökonomik 
690 |a NPÖ (Neue Politische Ökonomie) 
690 |a Moderne Politische Ökonomie 
690 |a Nonmarket decision making 
690 |a Economic theory of politics 
690 |a Public Choice 
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992 |a CONTENTS PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION PAGE XI 1 EQUILIBRIUM, EFFICIENCY, AND ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION .......... 1 1. ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION 10 2. ., 16 3. ACID RAIN 18 4. EFFICIENCY 23 5. EQUILIBRIUM 30 6. THE PRISONER'S DILEMMA GAME 45 7. REPETITION AND EQUILIBRIUM 53 2 BASIC MODELS AND TOOLS ............................. 71 1. MAXIMIZING A QUADRATIC 72 82. OVERVIEW OF CALCULUS 76 3. LAGRANGIAN MULTIPLIERS 86 4. THE COMPOSITE COMMODITY MODEL 98 5. QUASI-LINEAR PREFERENCES 102 6. DECISION MAKING UNDER UNCERTAINTY 112 7. INSURANCE 124 3 HIDDEN ACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... 136 1. RESOURCE ALLOCATION 139 2. MARKETABLE POLLUTION RIGHTS 143 3. INCENTIVE REGULATION OF THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY 152 4. THE SAVINGS AND LOAN DEBACLE 155 5. PERSONAL BANKRUPTCY 164 6. MANDATORY RETIREMENT 165 7. TENURE AND THE PERFORMANCE OF PROFESSORS 174 8. PAY AND PERFORMANCE IN U.S. PUBLIC SCHOOLS 177 9. MORAL HAZARD AND INSURANCE 179 VII VIII CONTENTS 4 CORPORATE GOVERNANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 1. A BRIEF TOUR OF SEVERAL COUNTRIES 197 2. PARTNERSHIPS 198 3. THE OWNER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP 207 4. THE OWNER-MANAGER RELATIONSHIP IN PRACTICE 212 5. AGENCYTHEORY 231 5 HIDDEN CHARACTERISTICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... 256 L. PRICE DISCRIMINATION 257 2. TWO- PERSON EXCHANGE 259 83. THE USED-CAR MARKET 269 4. CREDIT RATIONING 272 85. BUNDLING AND PRODUCT QUALITY 280 6. JOB-MARKET SIGNALING 290 7. COMPETITIVE INSURANCE MARKETS 303 6 AUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325 1. INTRODUCTION 326 2. THE VICKREY AUCTION 334 3. FOUR BASIC AUCTION MECHANISMS 349 4. REVENUE EQUIVALENCE 358 5. APPLICATIONS OF THE REVENUE EQUIVALENCE THEOREM 374 6. INTERDEPENDENT VALUES 377 7 VOTING AND PREFERENCE REVELATION . .................... 384 1. VOTING SCHEMES 385 2. PREFERENCE REVELATION IN GENERAL 3. GENERAL PROOF OF THE GIBBARD-SATTERTHWAITE 
992 |a THEOREM 4. THE REVELATION PRINCIPLE 8 PUBLIC GOODS AND PREFERENCE REVELATION 1. THE ECONOMIC MODEL 2. THE PIVOTAL MECHANISM 3. GROVES MECHANISMS 4. EFFICIENCY AND INCENTIVE COMPATIBILITY 402 411 418 420 422 440 453 457 9 MATCHING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467 1. STUDENTS AND ADVISORS 469 2. COLLEGE ADMISSIONS 480 3. HOSPITALS AND DOCTORS 496 4. ALLOCATING DORMITORY ROOMS 499 5. KIDNEY TRANSPLANTS 510 CONTENTS IX 10 GENERAL COMPETITIVE EQUILIBRIUM . ..................... 513 1. COMPETITION, PROPERTY RIGHTS, AND PROSPERITY 514 2. THE ARROW- DEBREU ECONOMY 523 3. NONCONVEX ECONOMIES 538 4. EFFICIENCY AND INCENTIVE COMPATIBILITY 543 5. COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES REFERENCES AUTHOR INDEX SUBJECT INDEX 556 561 579 583 

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