The moral conditions of economic efficiency

1. Person: Schultz, Walter J.
Format: Buch
Sprache: English
Veröffentlicht: Cambridge [u.a.] Cambridge Univ. Press 2001
Beschreibung: XII, 144 S.
Ausgabe: 1. publ.
Serien: Cambridge studies in philosophy and law
Schlagworte (SWD): Markteffizienz
Wirtschaftsethik
Schlagworte (STW): Ethik
Theorie
Wirtschaftliche Effizienz
Wohlfahrtstheorie
Schlagworte (SH): Economics > Moral and ethical aspects
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690 |a Wirtschaft / Ethik 
690 |a Welfare Economics 
690 |a Wohlfahrtsökonomik 
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992 |a CONTENTS PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS PAGE XI 1 INTRODUCTION AND SYNOPSIS 1 MORALITY, MORAL RULES, AND NORMATIVE CONSTRAINTS 5 SYNOPSIS OF THE BOOK 9 2 A CONTEXTUALIZED PROOF OF THE FIRST FUNDAMENTAL THEOREM OF WELFARE ECONOMICS 15 A FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYZING SOCIAL SITUATIONS 16 STRICT RATIONAL EGOISM 16 A PROOF OF THE FIRST FUNDAMENTAL THEOREM OF WELFARE ECONOMICS 26 OTHER DEFINITIONS 28 SUMMARY DISCUSSION 31 3 THE MORAL THESIS: MORAL NORMATIVE CONSTRAINTS ARE NECESSARY CONDITIONS OF PARETO-OPTIMAL EQUILIBRIUM ALLOCATIONS OF COMMODITIES ACHIEVED THROUGH MARKET INTERACTION 33 ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS FOR PRICE-TAKING BEHAVIOR 36 THE PRESUMPTION AGAINST NONMARKET ACTION ENTAILS A CONTRADICTION 37 PERFECTLY COMPETITIVE MARKETS CANNOT ENSURE COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOR 38 MAXIMAL INFORMATION-PROCESSING CAPABILITIES AND PERFECT INFORMATION ARE NOT SUFFICIENT FOR PARETO-OPTIMAL EQUILIBRIUM ALLOCATIONS 41 THERE EXISTS A SET OF UTILITY FUNCTIONS THAT RENDER THESE DECISION FUNCTIONS NOT EFFECTIVELY COMPUTABLE UNDER CONDITIONS OF PERFECT INFORMATION 50 EACH INDIVIDUAL'S STRATEGIC DECISION PROCESS 52 PERFECT INFORMATION IS NOT A SUFFICIENT CONDITION FOR PARETO-OPTIMAL EQUILIBRIUM ALLOCATIONS 53 MORAL NORMATIVE CONSTRAINTS ARE NECESSARY FOR ECONOMICALLY EFFICIENT OUTCOMES OF MARKET INTERACTION 54 SUMMARY 56 4 A SPONTANEOUS ORDER OBJECTION 58 THE CONFLATION OF CLASSES OF SITUATIONS BY HUME, MENGER, AND HAYEK 60 CATEGORIZING TYPES OF SOCIAL SITUATIONS 61 THE REQUISITE NORMATIVE CONSTRAINTS CANNOT EMERGE WITHIN A POPULATION OF STRICT RATIONAL EGOISTS 66 ALTERNATIVE ACCOUNTS OF SPONTANEOUS ORDER 70 SUMMARY DISCUSSION 72 5 THE ROLES OF MORAL NORMATIVE CONSTRAINTS IN RELATION TO EXTERNALITIES 73 EXTERNALITY 73 THE ROLES OF MORAL NORMATIVE CONSTRAINTS IN ACHIEVING ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY 75 SUMMARY 81 6 THE MORAL CONDITIONS OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY 82 THE CONCEPT OF A NORMATIVE SOCIAL PRACTICE 83 RIGHTS IN GENERAL 89 COMPLIANCE 94 THE SPECIFIC MORAL RIGHTS REQUIRED 
992 |a FOR EFFICIENT TRADE 99 A SYNOPSIS OF A SYSTEM OF NORMATIVE CONDITIONS OF EFFICIENT OUTCOMES OF MARKET INTERACTION 104 7 IMPLICATIONS 106 CONCEPTS AND ANALYTICAL TOOLS 106 IMPLICATIONS FOR ECONOMIC THEORY 107 IMPLICATIONS FOR POLITICAL THEORY AND MORAL PHILOSOPHY 110 IMPLICATIONS FOR LEGAL THEORY 114 SUMMARY AND CONCLUDING COMMENTS 116 NOTES 119 BIBLIOGRAPHY 131 INDEX 137 

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