Tradeable permits, missing markets, and technology

Abstract This paper examines the effects of missing markets, heterogeneous pollutants, and the pollution technology of firms on the efficacy of transferable pollution permits. Under the assumption of perfect competition in all markets, we show that if firms can substitute among pollutants, then sett... Ausführliche Beschreibung

1. Person: Devlin, R. A.
Weitere Personen: Grafton, R. Q.
Quelle: in Environmental and resource economics Vol. 4 (1994), p. 171-186
Weitere Artikel
Format: Online-Artikel
Genre: Pollution, permit markets, technology, Jel Classification. Q38
Sprache: English
Veröffentlicht: 1994
Beschreibung: Online-Ressource
Online Zugang: Online
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Anmerkung: Copyright: Copyright 1994 Kluwer Academic Publishers
Zusammenfassung: Abstract This paper examines the effects of missing markets, heterogeneous pollutants, and the pollution technology of firms on the efficacy of transferable pollution permits. Under the assumption of perfect competition in all markets, we show that if firms can substitute among pollutants, then setting the “optimal” number of permits for only one pollutant will not, in general, lead to an efficient outcome. The degree of the inefficiency will depend on the information set available to the regulator and the substitutability among pollutants by firms. When establishing transferable pollution rights regulators should, therefore, consider the technology of firms. If firms discharge pollutants in the same fixed proportions, then the regulator need only set a market for one of the pollutants to ensure an efficient outcome. Where firms can substitute among pollutants, however, establishing a market for only one pollutant provides an incentive for firms to substitute to unregulated ones. This is an important policy issue as substitutability among pollutants within and across production processes may dampen the dynamic advantages of a tradeable permit policy.
ISSN: 1573-1502

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