Problémy modernizace a transformační proces / Problems of Modernization and the Transformation Process
The article considers whether and in what way current concepts of modernity can be applied to sociological research on transformation processes in Central and Eastern European countries in general, while making particular reference to the empirical and practical case of the Czech Republic. The analy... Ausführliche Beschreibung
|1. Person:||MÜLLER, KAREL|
in Sociologický časopis Vol. 29, No. 4 (1993), p. 437-452
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The article considers whether and in what way current concepts of modernity can be applied to sociological research on transformation processes in Central and Eastern European countries in general, while making particular reference to the empirical and practical case of the Czech Republic. The analysis refers to studies carried out under the project, "Central and Eastern Europe 2000". It begins with a consideration of domestic perceptions of modernity and continues by outlining the basic concepts of modernization as developed in traditional German and Anglo-Saxon sociological methodology. Focus rests upon the rationalization-differentiation relationship and on the cultural framework of modernity, as well as on the impact these may have on the processes of social mobilization, elite formation, radicalized forms of identity, power formation and on supportive intermediary impacts for institutional changes. With reference to social mobilization as it is defined by modernity concepts, specific issues concerning transformation processes are discussed : the impact of technology on the growth and dechne of autocratic power systems and its structural and social implications; the impact of economic potential on the democratization of the political system; the problems generated by the impact of politics on the transformation process in view of the reestabUshment of the border between political and economic rationality, the changes in professional structures and their impact on the formation of the elites; the question of the reinstitutionalization of science, technology and education.