Tissue Sites of Degradation of Low Density Lipoprotein: Application of a Method for Determining the Fate of Plasma Proteins

A method for determining tissue sites of plasma protein degradation is described as applied to studies of low density lipoprotein (LDL) catabolism in swine. The method is based on the fact that sucrose is not degraded by lysosomal enzymes and thus accumulates in lysosomes. [$^{14}$C]Sucrose was acti... Ausführliche Beschreibung

1. Person: Pittman, Ray C.
Weitere Personen: Attie, Alan D. verfasserin; Carew, Thomas E. verfasserin; Steinberg, Daniel verfasserin
Quelle: in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Vol. 76, No. 10 (1979), p. 5345-5349
Weitere Artikel
Format: Online-Artikel
Sprache: English
Veröffentlicht: 1979
Beschreibung: Online-Ressource
Schlagworte: research-article
Medical sciences
Lysosomal degradation
Apolipoproteins
Lipoprotein metabolism
Swine
Online Zugang: Volltext
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245 1 0 |a Tissue Sites of Degradation of Low Density Lipoprotein: Application of a Method for Determining the Fate of Plasma Proteins  |h Elektronische Ressource 
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520 |a A method for determining tissue sites of plasma protein degradation is described as applied to studies of low density lipoprotein (LDL) catabolism in swine. The method is based on the fact that sucrose is not degraded by lysosomal enzymes and thus accumulates in lysosomes. [$^{14}$C]Sucrose was activated with cyanuric chloride and covalently coupled to the LDL protein. Studies in cultured fibroblasts have established that the sucrose $^{14}$C accumulates intracellularly in degradation products at a rate equal to the rate of degradation of $^{125}$I-labeled LDL simultaneously measured. In vivo the fractional catabolic rate of [$^{14}$C]sucrose-LDL was the same as that of $^{125}$I-labeled LDL. $^{14}$C-Labeled degradation products in all major tissues were determined 24 hours after injection of [$^{14}$C]sucrose-LDL. About 75% of the LDL degraded (calculated from analysis of the plasma decay curve) was accounted for in the $^{14}$C-labeled degradation products accumulated in the tissues examined; only 4% appeared in the urine. In three studies, 37.9, 39.6, and 37.8% of the LDL degraded was recovered in the liver. Results were similar at 48 hr (38.7 and 39.9% hepatic degradation), but urinary losses were then about 10% and about 4% was lost in bile. All extrahepatic tissues examined contained $^{14}$C-labeled degradation products. The concentration was highest in the adrenal glands-2 to 5 times that in liver and 10 times that in the next most active tissues. In principle this approach should be applicable to studies of the tissue sites of degradation of any of the plasma proteins. 
653 |a research-article 
653 |a Medical sciences 
653 |a Lysosomal degradation 
653 |a Apolipoproteins 
653 |a Lipoprotein metabolism 
653 |a Swine 
700 1 |a Attie, Alan D.  |e verfasserin  |4 aut 
700 1 |a Carew, Thomas E.  |e verfasserin  |4 aut 
700 1 |a Steinberg, Daniel  |e verfasserin  |4 aut 
773 0 8 |i in  |t Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  |d Washington, DC : National Acad. of Sciences  |g Vol. 76, No. 10 (1979), p. 5345-5349  |q 76:10<5345-5349  |w (DE-601)JST069399220  |x 0027-8424 
856 4 1 |u https://www.jstor.org/stable/70447  |3 Volltext 
912 |a GBV_JSTOR 
951 |a AR 
952 |d 76  |j 1979  |e 10  |h 5345-5349 

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