The Structure of a Folding Intermediate Provides Insight into Differences in Immunoglobulin Amyloidogenicity

Folding intermediates play a key role in defining protein folding and assembly pathways as well as those of misfolding and aggregation. Yet, due to their transient nature, they are poorly accessible to high-resolution techniques. Here, we made use of the intrinsically slow folding reaction of an ant... Ausführliche Beschreibung

1. Person: Feige, Matthias J.
Weitere Personen: Groscurth, Sandra verfasserin; Marcinowski, Moritz verfasserin; Yew, Zu Thur verfasserin; Truffault, Vincent verfasserin; Paci, Emanuele verfasserin; Kessler, Horst verfasserin; Buchner, Johannes verfasserin
Quelle: in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Vol. 105, No. 36 (2008), p. 13373-13378
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Format: Online-Artikel
Sprache: English
Veröffentlicht: 2008
Beschreibung: Online-Ressource
Schlagworte: research-article
Amyloids
NMR
Protein folding
Antibodies
Molecular dynamics
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Anmerkung: Copyright: Copyright 2008 The National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Zusammenfassung: Folding intermediates play a key role in defining protein folding and assembly pathways as well as those of misfolding and aggregation. Yet, due to their transient nature, they are poorly accessible to high-resolution techniques. Here, we made use of the intrinsically slow folding reaction of an antibody domain to characterize its major folding intermediate in detail. Furthermore, by a single point mutation we were able to trap the intermediate in equilibrium and characterize it at atomic resolution. The intermediate exhibits the basic β-barrel topology, yet some strands are distorted. Surprisingly, two short strand-connecting helices conserved in constant antibody domains assume their completely native structure already in the intermediate, thus providing a scaffold for adjacent strands. By transplanting these helical elements into β₂-microglobulin, a highly homologous member of the same superfamily, we drastically reduced its amyloidogenicity. Thus, minor structural differences in an intermediate can shape the folding landscape decisively to favor either folding or misfolding.
ISSN: 0027-8424

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