A Two-Dimensional View of the Folding Energy Landscape of Cytochrome C

Time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) was combined with fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) to study the transition between acid-denatured states and the native structure of cytochrome c (Cyt c) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The use of these techniques in concert proved to be more ... Ausführliche Beschreibung

1. Person: Werner, James H.
Weitere Personen: Joggerst, Raymond verfasserin; Dyer, R. Brian verfasserin; Goodwin, Peter M. verfasserin
Quelle: in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Vol. 103, No. 30 (2006), p. 11130-11135
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Format: Online-Artikel
Sprache: English
Veröffentlicht: 2006
Beschreibung: Online-Ressource
Schlagworte: research-article
Fluorescence correlation
Maximum entropy
Time-correlated single photon counting
Protein folding
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Anmerkung: Copyright: Copyright 2006 National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Zusammenfassung: Time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) was combined with fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) to study the transition between acid-denatured states and the native structure of cytochrome c (Cyt c) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The use of these techniques in concert proved to be more powerful than either alone, yielding a two-dimensional picture of the folding energy landscape of Cyt c. TCSPC measured the distribution of distances between the heme of the protein and a covalently attached dye molecule at residue C102 (one folding reaction coordinate), whereas FCS measured the hydrodynamic radius (a second folding reaction coordinate) of the protein over a range of pH values. These two independent measurements provide complimentary information regarding protein conformation. We see evidence for a well defined folding intermediate in the acid renaturation folding pathway of this protein reflected in the distribution of lifetimes needed to fit the TCSPC data. Moreover, FCS studies revealed this intermediate state to be in dynamic equilibrium with unfolded structures, with conformational fluctuations into and out of this intermediate state occurring on an ≈30-µs time scale.
ISSN: 0027-8424

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