Granting the Seasons: The Chinese Astronomical Reform of 1280, With a Study of Its Many Dimensions and a Translation of its Records

China's most sophisticated system of computational astronomy was created for a Mongol emperor who could neither read nor write Chinese, to celebrate victory over China after forty years of devastating war. This book explains how and why, and reconstructs the observatory and the science that made it ... Ausführliche Beschreibung

1. Person: Sivin, Nathan
Weitere Körperschaften: SpringerLink (Online service)
Weitere Personen: SpringerLink (Online service)
Format: E-Buch
Sprache: English
Veröffentlicht: New York, NY Springer New York 2009, 2009
Beschreibung: V, 664 p online resource
Ausgabe: 1st ed. 2009
Serien: Sources and Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences
Schlagworte: History of Mathematical Sciences
Astronomy, Observations and Techniques
Online Zugang: Volltext
Volltext
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505 0 |a Origins and Process -- The Astronomers -- The Observatory and its Instruments -- The Records -- Evaluation of the Season-Granting System -- Evaluation of the Season-Granting System, Part 2 -- Canon of the Season-Granting System, Part 1 -- Canon of the Season-Granting System, Part 2 -- Conclusion 
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520 |a China's most sophisticated system of computational astronomy was created for a Mongol emperor who could neither read nor write Chinese, to celebrate victory over China after forty years of devastating war. This book explains how and why, and reconstructs the observatory and the science that made it possible. For two thousand years, a fundamental ritual of government was the emperor's "granting the seasons" to his people at the New Year by issuing an almanac containing an accurate lunisolar calendar. The high point of this tradition was the "Season-granting system" (Shou-shih li, 1280). Its treatise records detailed instructions for computing eclipses of the sun and moon and motions of the planets, based on a rich archive of observations, some ancient and some new. Sivin, the West’s leading scholar of the Chinese sciences, not only recreates the project's cultural, political, bureaucratic, and personal dimensions, but translates the extensive treatise and explains every procedure in minimally technical language. The book contains many tables, illustrations, and aids to reference. It is clearly written for anyone who wants to understand the fundamental role of science in Chinese history. There is no comparable study of state science in any other early civilization 

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